Friday, May 29, 2020

Social Class and Bram Stokers Dracula - Literature Essay Samples

The issue of social class and its effects upon society in Victorian-era Europe is a theme central to Bram Stokers novel Dracula. On the surface, the novel seems to be a story of a battle between good and evil; upon further analysis, it could be seen as a battle between high and low social classes. The vampire Dracula is a quintessential aristocratic figure, one who prides himself on his superior bloodlines in more ways than one. The people who slay him are of assorted nationality, gender, ethnicity, and economic privilege. Through the interactions between characters of various socioeconomic status, Stoker illustrates the class-based prejudices operative in a society.The earliest explicit example of this is Draculas almost boastful description of his family and heritage in chapter I. The Count asserts, on behalf of his ancestors and himself, that in our veins flows the blood of many brave races (p. 33). This is a curious comment because of its obvious double meaning. While Dracula is using the word blood as it is commonly used, that is, as metaphor for ancestry and heritage, he is also using it in a literal sense: as a vampire, the blood of many people does flow through his veins. However, neither the reader nor Jonathan Harker yet know of Draculas blood-drinking habit, so this comment could easily be passed over as a description of Draculas social status. It is only later, after the nature of the Counts character is revealed, that both the ambiguity and the twisted humor of this phrase become apparent.In the same passage, Dracula uses the word race interchangeably with the word family or ancestry. This is another example of a possible double meaning that foreshadows what the reader will learn about Dracula. Like the idea of blood being both literal and figurative, the idea of race can be thus interpreted. As a vampire, Dracula truly is a member of a distinct race, perhaps even a distinct species. His gruesome lineage (or taxonomy) ensures him not only respect a mong the lower-ranking Transylvanians, but physical power greater than that of other men, even immortality. In telling Jonathan Harker the story of his ancestry, Dracula speaks about events in the plural first-person, implying that he might have been present: as an immortal vampire, this is very likely. However, both of these statements can be interpreted figuratively: the skeptic Harker does not readily accept the gory nature of Draculas tale.Indeed, all that is immediately evident is the Counts emphasis on both the nobility and the achievements of his heritage. For example, Dracula claims to be descended from Attila the Hun, a powerful, violent and fearsome warrior. According to Dracula, this power is directly proportional to purity of lineage: when his distant ancestors mated with the devils in the desert, power and glory of the vampire race was sacrificed. The mention of other supernatural beings, such as devils and witches should be noted: although easy to bypass as metaphoric hyperbole, Dracula might be speaking literally of the superiority of vampires over not only humans beings, but other monsters (p. 34).Whether or not Dracula is implying supernatural heritage, his pride in being what he considers a member of an elevated social class is apparent. The Count explicitly considers himself to be a boyar, or a member of the privileged class, which has ensured him not only monetary fortune but an elevated status among the peasants in his land (p.26). This nobility sets him apart from the common Transylvanian, whom he considers to be a coward and a fool, (p. 27). These qualities are starkly contrasted with those of his own race of fearsome warriors.Unfortunately, Jonathan Harker does not pick up on the double meaning of the Counts life story. Although he enjoys Draculas storytelling and even seems vaguely impressed by his social status, he is not intimidated by what is a discreet warning of Draculas potential power. Initially, Harker even sides with Dracula concerning the ignorance of the local peasants. Here we see that although he is a man largely driven by pragmatism, Jonathan Harker is not without class-based biases of his own. As a civil worker he does not rank highly on the socioeconomic scale, but he is not a peasant, and so scorns the beliefs and practices of the Transylvanian commoners accordingly. He dismisses their practices as superstition, but in this assertion there is an element of disdain wholly separate from his conflicting spiritual beliefs. Jonathan Harker is not rich, but he is both educated and Anglican. The Romanian peasants are uneducated and heavily reliant upon Catholic relics as protection against evil, and are therefore considered by Jonathan to be ridiculous and idolatrous(p. 13). However, Jonathan has a change of heart when he realizes that the crucifix he accepts from a peasant woman is his only protection from Dracula once he is imprisoned in the castle. Harkers acceptance of practices he previously shunn ed represents a vindication of the common person, which is a theme echoed by Bram Stoker at several points in the text.The social disparity between men and women is another example of the theme of class in the novel. The most pronounced and, curiously, the least developed of these instances is demonstrated through the characters of the three weird sisters. These female vampires whom Dracula keeps imprisoned in his castle represent the kept woman common during the Victorian era. Indeed, the sisters are kept by the Count in the most literal way: they are not permitted to hunt, leave the castle, or even prey upon Jonathan Harker without Draculas consent. This can be interpreted as a parallel to the role of many women at the time, who were not permitted to do anything outside of the home without the permission of their male superior. Of course, the example of the weird sisters is clearly hyperbolic, even humorous, as the average Victorian woman wasnt concerned with hunting human prey in the first place, and could most likely eat when she chose.However, the subjugation of the three vampire sisters is even more interesting when Draculas opinion of the vampire race is taken into account. As mentioned earlier, Dracula speaks at length about the superiority of the vampire race to the human race. The weird sisters, being vampires, are undeniably part of the same race as Dracula. It is curious, then, that Dracula shows more hospitality towards Jonathan Harker than he does to his own kind, even though he ultimately intends for Jonathan to be a victim. It would have been easy enough for Dracula to drain Jonathans blood the moment he entered the castle, yet he does not. Although he is a monster, Dracula seems genuinely interested, at least for a short time, in the knowledge of the outside world that Harker brings with him, and attempts to disguise his bloodthirsty nature from the clerk for as long as possible. Dracula does not seem to ever extend the same courtesy to his fe male captives, even though they should be, by his own standards, elevated above Jonathan in their social status. Thus the issue of sexism within the larger realm of class bias is present in this novel.Perhaps the most explicit example of the effects of social class is illustrated by the events leading up to Lucy Westenras death. When Dracula begins to prey upon the young woman, the somewhat unorthodox doctor Van Helsing demands a series of blood transfusions to save her life. Although her life is ultimately lost, the blood transfusions occur in a noteworthy manner: blood is taken from donors in descending order of social status. The first man to donate blood to Lucy is Arthur Holmwood, Lucys fiance and a wealthy member of the Victorian gentry. The second donor is John Seward, a working-class doctor and well-respected member of society. Van Helsing transfuses his blood next: he is third in rank because although he is a distinguished doctor, scholar and lawyer, he is also a foreigner. The final blood that Lucy receives comes from Quincey Morris, a Texan transplanted in Victorian England. Despite being strong, charismatic and courageous, Americans are lower on the ladder than even Dutchmen; so Morris donates last.Although Van Helsing claims that A brave mans blood is the best thing on this earth when a woman is in trouble, the quality of the blood seems to depend less on bravery than on social status: clearly, some brave men are better for the job than others (p.136). The way that Stoker has arranged this hierarchy is not likely coincidental, but neither is it without irony. By the conclusion of the novel, Quincey Morris, the lowly American, is depicted as the most celebrated hero among these men.Despite the many instances of class-based prejudice in this novel, Bram Stokers Dracula has, overall, a resounding theme of hope. Though it is not apparent throughout the novel, by its conclusion Stoker is clearly rooting for the underdog. The end of Stokers Dracula port rays a world in which feeling has triumphed over reason, bravery has conquered fortune, and human resilience is proved superior to social status. Members of the higher class ultimately suffer: Dracula is slain by the human beings he once terrorized, and Mrs. Westenra, an aristocratic woman, sabotages her own fate and the fate of her daughter when she innocently ignores the protective talismans offered by Van Helsing. This does not mean that lower-class characters escape unscathed: the Transylvanian peasants, though eventually freed from the plague of Dracula and the weird sisters, have lost loved ones to the vampires hunger. Quincey Morris, the resilient American, dies as a casualty of Draculas execution, and Van Helsings controversial remedies do not save Lucy from the vampires fate. However, Morris is immortalized in name and memory with the birth of the Harkers first child. The peasants, though not present in the final action of the novel, have the retrospective distinction of be ing right about Dracula all along. Van Helsing indirectly saves all of London; even Jonathan Harker, for all his flawed suppositions, emerges as the hero when he is instrumental in the slaying of Dracula. He and his bride, Mina, are ultimately freed from the grasp of the vampire, and even manage to come into an unlikely fortune along the way, ensuring middle-class comfort for the rest of their lives. Thus, these lower-ranking citizens are vindicated, even celebrated, by the end of the novel.

Saturday, May 16, 2020

The Bombing Of Lahore, Pakistan - 1641 Words

On Easter Sunday, Lahore, Pakistan was next in a growing list of countries attacked on a large by a suicide bomber in the past six months. The bombing, later claimed by Taliban affiliate Jamaat-ul-Ahrar, targeted a park populated with Christian women and children celebrating the holiday. Photos of bloody victims and rescuers soon surfaced as well as first-hand accounts of the explosion. The sheer horror and violent nature of the story and the photos as well as the constant international attention on terrorism makes the story impactful and fits with the unfortunately familiar narrative that has developed in the post-9/11 world. The story broke on Easter morning all over the world, and therefore, it fits four of the five criteria that Doris Graber and Johanna Dunaway set in Mass Media and American Politics for how stories are deemed newsworthy (113-114). However, the final criterion, proximity, is the significant in regards to how the Lahore bombing was and continues to be covered in m ainstream media. Both National Public Radio (NPR) and Al Jazeera posted articles on Easter Sunday after the bombing, and while many aspects of the articles are the same, there exist key differences. NPR’s status as a semi-publically owned American media company and Al Jazeera’s status as a government owned Qatari media accompany account for those difference in their coverage the Lahore, Pakistan attacks. The revolution of the new news accounts for their similarities. NPR posted its story,Show MoreRelatedThe Impact Of Media Coverage On Public Perception1701 Words   |  7 PagesNatida Nivasnanda Taking A Position Essay In Beirut, amongst a crowded marketplace, two ISIS supporters detonated themselves in order to massacre as many men, women, and children of all faiths (Miller, 2015). In Lahore, seventy people were killed â€Å"in a massive suicide bombing targeting Pakistani Christians† (Jazeera, 2016). In Kabul, bombs strapped to two Taliban crusaders exploded, killing at least twenty-four people including senior security officials from the nearby Defense Ministry (MashalRead MoreTerrorism Is Fanaticism, Hatred, Segregation, Or Disdain Emerging From Appending Essentialness1521 Words   |  7 Pagesmeaning of political or religious universality. Sectarianism issue in Pakistan is a real destabilizing variable in the nation s political, social, religious and security request. While bringing about agitation, issue and viciousness in the public eye, the sectarianism clash in Pakistan throughout the previous 27 years came about into a huge number of passing from suicide assaults, bomb impacts, deaths and other terrorist acts. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Gold Affect And Effect - 1308 Words

The Gold affect and effect It’s the beginning of the end of the world: outrageous 5p carrier bag charges, a horrendous new layout of snapchat, extortionate 2p increases of Freddo bars and the sickening new shape of Toblerone bars. But now it’s gone a step too far. The Hollywood power couple, Brangelina have split. How can humanity live our everyday lives with this catastrophic news? Although exaggerated, the above is just as hyperbolic as the number of innocent athletes accused of taking performance enhancing drugs– which could be the end of some athletes’ careers. The 2016 Olympic games saw around 11,200 athletes, 366 of which were Team GB, battle their way to the reach the top of the podium in individual and team events. Despite†¦show more content†¦However, when looking at the released records, none of the athletes actually broken the law – it just seems that way due to the media taking its information out of context by seeing the word â€Å"banned† and presuming it’s a PED, as well as the original records being changed by the deceiving hackers. Which not right to do, as athletes with Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUEs) have permission to take these banned drugs due to their medical and have been tested, rigorously, to ensure there are no other alternatives. Something which the majority public may be unfamiliar with these medical terms. But, after many months, the media have conflated together PEDs and TUEs, tricking us into believing that TUEs are the same as PEDs. To understand the power of rumours in the media one only needs to look at the case of Mo Farah – the 2012 and Rio Olympic game’s gold medallist, track superstar and one of Britain’s greatest ever athlete. However, despite his great amount of success and the sense of pride he has given us, speculation around Farah started when his previous coaches were investigated for doping offences. The media then cleverly sussed out the truth of the situation and pointed towards Mo Farah – suggesting he was doping. Never once considering that he was innocent and won his medals fairly. A furious Farah was then forced into doing press conference after press conference to clean himself (and his reputation) from the media’s muck. In a heated interview with aShow MoreRelatedPrice Elasticity of Gold852 Words   |  4 PagesPrice Elasticity of Gold Group name: In-Demand The general inverse relationship between price and demand is a key fundamental in economics. A rise in price is known to shrink demand and vice versa. However, another important factor in economics is the price elasticity of demand, which can be interpreted as the percentage change in demand relative to the percentage change in price. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Feminism in bamas novels free essay sample

A Study of Bama’s Sangati â€Å"When I was born/ Mother wept, saying â€Å"A row of worries/Endless trouble. † (37) -Imayam Caste and gender are the two important identity building mechanisms that create a Dalit Feminist perspective. Dalit feminism redefines woman from the socio-political perspective of a Dalit, taking into account the caste and gender oppression. This critique focuses on three aspects, firstly the oral narrative style that Bama, a Tamil, Dalit writer adapts to tell the stories, secondly the legends and songs that she has woven into her text and thirdly using the food trope to narrate an alternate her story. Though this article focuses on Sangati, her second novel, I will also refer to Karrukku, Bamas seminal first work. Born as Fatima in 1958 in Puthupatti village in Viruthungar district in Southern Tamilnadu, Bama wrote Karukku in 1992 which brought with it the force of whirlwind to whip the literary world with its quintessentially Dalit theme and language. We will write a custom essay sample on Feminism in bamas novels or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Karukku which means the searing edges of palmyra leaves, discusses the life of a Dalit Catholic Christian woman in retrospect and focusses the caste based atrocities in her village, experiences of untouchability in the catholic convent and the final breaking away from the nunnery. Sangati, her next work bears the news of the plight of girls and women in her rural community. Kisumbukkaran and Vanmam are her other noteworthy works. Bama does not have a defined women’s literary tradition in Tamil. She observes, â€Å"until recently women writers in Tamil have moulded their writing on the male literary tradition† (Kanal 30). Bama pioneers in the creation of a Tamil Dalit Feminist tradition. A. Marx, writer and critic feels that African Americans were brought as slaves to America before four hundred years and their literature is two hundred years old whereas Dalits belong to India and two thousand years of Indian history has denied them literary space. Interestingly Bama uses the spoken language of her people for her works. She says, †¦every dominant literature should be inverted. This process of inversion can be seen in the Tamil oral traditionthe folklore. There are traces of the agony and ecstasy of the Dalits, the direct and emotional outbursts, the collective identity, the mockery and caricature of the immediate oppressors, the supernatural powers of oracle and the mythical heroism: these are the several elements for the construction of a conscious Dalit literature. (97-98) Bama uses a language unfamiliar to the mainstream, upper caste society to write her works. She discards the so called â€Å"chaste† Tamil made unavailable for her people but employs the oral folk language, which is familiar to her society. Unlike other writers who have dealt with Dalit life in Tamil like Sivakami, Vidivelli and Imayam, who use the Dalit language only in dialogues between their characters, Bama writes her whole work in the language of her community. Bama uses a language unfamiliar to the mainstream, upper caste society to write her works. She discards the so called â€Å"chaste† Tamil made unavailable for her people but employs the oral folk language, which is familiar to her society. Unlike writers like Sivakami, Vidivelli and Imayam, who use the Dalit language only in dialogues between their characters, Bama writes her whole work in the language of her community. This can pose a challenge to a reader unfamiliar to the nuances of the Dalit language. Sangati does justice to its title by narrating the news, happenings and events in the lives of several Dalit women. Bama records the struggles, tribulations, frustrations as well as the triumphs, joys and survival of Dalit women. The narrator who is a young girl in the early chapters grows pensive due to the myriad events happening around her. As she grows into a young woman she stresses on the need for change and is calling out for action against atrocities that happen to the girls and women in her community. What we notice is that struggle and success are discussed in most of the stories that are told. Be it Vellaimma Kizhavi, the narrator’s courageous grandmother, a single mother who pawned her thali,the sacred symbol of her marital status to feed her children, Katturaasa’s mother who bore her son by herself while cutting grass or the story of Marriamma who must get back to work soon after attaining puberty, there is no romantizisation of poverty, but a brave practical approach to it. In the process of narrating these incidents Bama discusses the many atrocities committed against girls and women in her community. The fact that boys are preferred to girls in families, women are beaten up by their husbands, women are paid much less though they do the same hard labour, the sexual harassment at workplace and the injustice meted out to Dalit women in village courts. In Sangati, Bama subverts mainstream legends and asks relevant questions pertaining to her culture. The story of Thiruvallvar, the great Tamil poet’s wife Vasuki, perceived as the epitome of chastity and devotion to husband is mentioned to illustrate the subordinate position of women in marriage. The story she feels is a reminder that wives ate after husbands even during Thiruvalluvar’s time. Bama offers an alternate folk song about Ananatamma of West street, who was beaten up for eating crab curry before serving her husband: O Crab, Crab, my pretty little crab, who wandered through all the fields I planted I pulled off your claws and put you on a pot, I gave the pot a boil and set it down. I waited and waited for him to come home, And began eating as came through the door. He came to hit me the, the hungry brute, He pounced at me to kill me†¦Ã¢â‚¬  (30) Veliamma’s stories about the spirits that haunted Dalit women make Bama conclude that these stories are concocted to push women to subservient position. Dalit women are an easy prey to these stories because of their repressed state. Overworked and exploited both in the family and in society, these women give vent to their mental agony in their spirit-possessed state. In her attempt to write a ‘her story’, Bama makes interesting references to food enjoyed by her people. Traditionally in most homes the kitchen is a limited space designated for women. But over the years women have transformed this space into an area of discourse that gives them a semblance of power. In Sangati, Sammuga Kizhavi’s mouthwatering description of ragikuuzh eating is thought provoking. She describes it as â€Å"nectar from heaven† (37). Every sunday, the narrator’s patti made a special kuzhambu with cow’s intestine which went well with ragi kali. There is also mention of patti’s hot kuzhambu with dried fish. In Karukku Bama brings to light the gugapusai at Chinnamalai, the highlight of the festival is slaughter of rooster, goat or pig. There is immense joy in cooking the food and feasting the delicacy. By subverting simple acts of cooking, feeding and sharing food, Bama brings the novel alive before our eyes. KanchaIlliah in his thought provoking work Why I am Not A Hindu, mentions that certain kinds of rich food like ghee and milk were seldom available for the economically downtrodden dalits in the rural areas. But Bama celebrates the food that is cooked and served by the womenfolk in her community. There is great joy in discovering other more healthy and nutritious options. The food metaphor helps in the narrating of her stories earlier neglected or misrepresented in mainstream writing. By discussing the narratives of many women from the Dalit community Bama places before us the rural Dalit woman’s identity. Though the struggle is much owing to the double oppression of caste and gender, we notice that their strength is also revealed. The women stand by each other to help each other when there is injustice meted out not only in society but in family circles as well. Bama doesn’t shy away from describing violent domestic or street quarrels. In Sangati we hear the voices of many women, some in pain, some in anger, some in frustration and some out of courage. Sometimes the language is full of expletive with sexual undertones. Bama suggests that it is the sharp tongue of a woman that can protect her against her oppressors. The characters often break in to a song or a chant when the situation demands and there is a song for every occasion.. But what is thought provoking is Bama’s sketching a positive identity for the Dalit woman. An alternate her story as opposed to the mainstream is drawn with vivid descriptions of a marriage ceremony, attaining of puberty ceremony, joy of togetherness, singing songs, cooking and sharing food. In most rural homes the Dalit woman is an earning member, widow re-marriages are possible and tali or the sacred thread worn as a chain during the marriage is not this binding symbol as in other communities. It is interesting that the Dalit woman cannot be suppressed in spite of caste, gender oppression. FEMINISM The novel deals with the struggle, both in America and in Africa, of women to gain recognition as individuals who deserve fair and equal treatment. Male dominance is the norm in both countries. As Albert says Men spose to wear the pants. It takes various forms, not least of which is sexual aggression. In the very first letter, Celie tells of the abuse she suffers at the hands of the man she believes for a long time is her father. Mary Agnes is raped by the white uncle whom she approaches for help to get Sofia out of prison and Mr (Albert) also tries to force Nettie to submit to him before she leaves the house after fighting him off. Celies sexual encounters with her husband, Mr- are sordid and unloving Just do his business, get off, go to sleep As Shug remarks, Celie make it sound like he going to the toilet on you. Physical violence also seems to be a common occurrence, even in relationships which are quite loving, like that between Harpo and his wife Sofia. He beats her because the woman spose to mind. It is a respectable thing for a man to do to his wife, in his view. Women are exploited very seriously, especially Celie, who is married off to Albert to look after his children and is expected to work on the farm and submit without objection to all of Alberts demands and those of the children. She is also meant to accept Alberts affair with Shug Avery, which extends even to him sleeping with her under the same roof. In fact fidelity is not seen as an important quality by men, although the same behaviour in females is cause for comment. Notice how the preacher attacks Shug by implication because of her loose lifestyle, but men are allowed to behave as they wish. The novels message is that women must stand up against the unfair treatment they receive at the hands of men and that they must do this by helping one another. The women in the novel, even those who have interests in the same men, nevertheless band together to support and sustain one another throughout the novel. The bond of sisterhood is important, both literally in the persons of Nettie and Celie, Sofia and Odessa and metaphorically in the persons of Mary Agnes and Sofia, Alberts sister and Celie, Tashi and Olivia and of course Shug Avery and Celie, who embody the twin roles of sisters and lovers in their relationship. Some of the women in the novel have learned to fight for themselves. Sofia is powerful and physically strong. She is not subservient and has great strength of character as well. She can and does fight for what she wants, but of course her aggression results in her dreadful experience at the hands of the police  after she dares to talk back to the white mayor, and her subsequent sentence to drudgery as the mayors servant lasts for many years. The bond between her and Mary Agnes is stronger than their mutual claim on Harpos affections. Mary Agnes endures rape for Sofias sake in order to get her released from prison, and when Mary Agnes goes off to be a singer it is Sofia who looks after her child. Shug Avery is the most liberated of the women in the novel, although she also suffers verbal attack from the church elders because of her lifestyle. Her career as a blues singer enables her to experience much more freedom than the other women whose lives are bound by home, work and child care. She is also much more sexually liberated than many other females, having numerous affairs and enjoying her sexuality with no restraints or false guilt.. She has, also, a strong belief in God which is unfettered by convention and her relationship with Celie is a central theme of the novel. It is Shug who liberates Celie in all aspects of her life, guiding her into emotional, sexual and financial independence and combining the roles of sister, friend and lover. Snug possesses equality because of her own integrity as a person, and she passes this on to Celie. It is no accident that the enterprise which gains Celie her independence is, paradoxically, a womans job- sewing but the product is trousers, for women to wear. Masculine and feminine temperament are also addressed in the novel. Shug is described by Albert as being more manly than most men, but as Celie rightly points out to him, those qualities of independence, honesty and integrity are equally valid as womanly qualities. It is a barbaric custom and Nettie feels helpless to influence the tribe or to help the victims. The saddest part of the African experience is the way in which the people of the tribe are exploited by the white traders who drive their roads into the interior obliterating ancient settlements and destroying lifestyles which have lasted for centuries. The Olinka are hospitable and give the builders food while they destroy the village and the roof leaf supplies. Alice Walker gives us a sad portrait of a dying lifestyle and an obsolete people. There is a strong sense of outrage that people are driven out of their rightful homes for foreign (white) economic gain, forced to pay for the privilege of living in corrugated huts and becoming prey to disease because their yam crops are destroyed Ultimately Samuel and Nettie are forced to leave and return to America. The link between the people in Georgia and the Africans is that both are victims of white oppression, but tragically, despite their common heritage, they can be of no help to one another.

Friday, April 17, 2020

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society

Most academic work is published in the academic journal article, book or theory frame. Associate survey quality and selectivity guidelines shift incredibly from journal to journal, distributor to distributor, and field to field. Most set up scholastic orders have their particular journals and different outlets for production, albeit numerous academic journals are relatively interdisciplinary, and distribute work from a few unmistakable fields or sub-fields. Background The Journal des Scavans, built up by Denis de Sallo, was the most punctual academic journal published in Europe. The quantity of debate dropped to 72% in the eighteenth century, 59% by the last 50% of the nineteenth century, and 33% by the first half of the twentieth century. The decrease in challenged claims for the need to inquire about disclosures can be credited to the expanding acknowledgement of the production of papers in present-day scholastic journals, with gauges proposing that around 50 million journal articles have been published since the original appearance of the Philosophical Transactions. Current Scenario Presently, a vital pattern, especially as for journals in the sciences, is open access using the Internet. Open Access In open access publishing, a journal article is made accessible free for all on the web by the distributor at the season of production. Around Business Even though there are more than 2,000 publishers, starting in 2013, five revenue driven organizations represented half of the articles published ensuring best academic writing services and essay writing services. Publishers contend that they increase the value of the publishing procedure through help to the associate survey gathering, including stipends, and through typesetting, printing, and web publishing. Speculation investigators, nonetheless, have been wary of the esteem included by revenue driven publishers, as exemplified by 2005 Deutsche Bank examination which expressed that we trust the distributor enhances the publishing procedure Papers for Academics In academic publishing, a paper is an academic work that is generally published in an academic journal. Such a paper, likewise called an article, might be viewed as substantial if it experiences a procedure of associate survey by at least one arbitrators who watch that the substance of the paper is reasonable for distribution in the journal. Ellison has revealed that in financial matters the sensational increment in chances to distribute comes about online has prompted a decrease in the utilization of associate checked on articles. In academic publishing, a paper is a scholarly work that is usually published in a university journal.

Friday, March 13, 2020

Whos your Congressman essays

Whos your Congressman essays After several laps in circles in my head, I decided to give up. I did not know the person who was representing my district. The first step involved jumping on the internet and surfing for a "Congressman finder", if you will. I type the word congressman in the space provided. The search engine displayed several different topics to choose from and finally I see the site for a general purpose. Voila! I had become one step closer to find my Representative. After clicking in different places, I landed on the Postal Office web site. Why? You might ask yourself. This general site was to find my "guy" by typing in a five-digit zip code. I was thrilled and could hardly contain myself. I enter the code and it gives me an answer of "There are multiple Representatives who share your 5-digit ZIP code ( 21234 ). Please use the Postal Services ZIP+4 Lookup to determine your 9-digit ZIP code." In other words, I still could not locate this person who is representing my district. I decided to actuall y do something smart. Look on my mail with the rest of my zip code. I put the code in and finally after thirty minutes of fighting for the truth, "The Honorable Benjamin L. Cardin, Maryland, 3rd" ( appeared. I was beside myself. The truth brought me Ben Cardin, a man with 57 years of age and fourteen consecutive years as the 3rd-District Congressman. How embarrassing is that? He has served seven terms and I found this news several days ago. The life of Ben Cardin began on October 5, 1943 (The Sun, Sec B). After searching several books, magazines, and internet sites, I could not find any information about his life until 1964. In other words, twenty-one years of his life are not recorded publicly. In 1964, he "earned his BA degree from the University of Pittsburgh ( 1), soon after he earns another degree. Only three years later in 1967, he becomes a "graduate of the University of Maryland Law Sch...

Wednesday, February 26, 2020

Ismg Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words - 1

Ismg - Essay Example These are the responsive solution providers and new capability enablers. At Alcan, the rapid changes that are commonly recorded can be associated or linked to the fact that customers are always making different choices on the kind of mineral and metal products they want to own on buy. Competitors in the industry are also change oriented thereby undertaking rapid changes that calls for the need for Alcan to also change its style of operation to meet the competition presented by competitors. Finally, government has a lot of say in determining the prices and profit margin of the company. For this reason, the company continues to be a rapid or fast rate of change organization. Among the two models given by the Accenture IT governance model that fits Alcan, new capability enabler is deemed the very best for the company because of the fact that Alcan is a manufacturer rather than a service provider. Alcan is said to be product oriented because it produces metal and mineral products. Meanwh ile, responsive solution providers IT governance model are highly concerned and linked to companies that work on operational efficiency. There are three major IT governance styles or systems from which Alcan may be classified. These are decentralized, centralized or hybrid. Hybrid is a combination of centralized and decentralized IT governance styles. Meanwhile at Alcan, there is only one IT governance style and that is the decentralization IT governance style. Alcan is a company made up of several departments across several countries in different parts of the world. In a typical decentralized IT governance style, the various departments and agencies of the company are absolutely independent on their IT system decisions and operations. This is clearly seen in the case of Alcan as departments are free to make decisions on their own with the making of strategic plans to lead the departments in delivery of its IT needs. The various departments are also free to